Gliomas are primary brain and spinal cord tumors. They may alter normal function, and depending on its location, growth rate and type, may be highly morbid.

It is called glioma because the cell of origin, are glial cells, which are cells that surround brain nervous cells and supply support to the function of the latter.

Gliomas can be classified according to the cell of origin and genetic label of the tumor. Its classification serves the purpose of establishing prognosis, follow up and defining the best adjuvant medical treatment available.

There are three types of glioma:

  • Astrocytomas, (astrocytomas, anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas).
  • Ependymomas, (anaplastic ependymomas, myxopapillary ependymomas)
  • Oligodendrogliomas, (oligodendrogliomas, anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and anaplastic oligoastrocytomas).

Symptoms vary due to the location, size, tumor type, growth rate, among others, but the most common include, headaches, nausea, confusion, altered mental status, loss of strength, altered speech, blurred vision, epilepsy.

Surgery is the initial treatment for most instances, followed by chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or a combination of both.

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